Within a very short time you find her saying, “Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines.” See, she is hunting out her sins and her follies. In fact, the man in the Song seems perfect. .—The general sense is plain. BibliographyClarke, Adam. Therefore, many people think that someone else wrote it. This man, as he continues In his office, almost inevitably gets to repeat his descriptions as a matter of course; and everybody knows how a guide at last comes to “talk book,” and just iterate words which do not awaken any corresponding feeling in his own mind. The Venet. In Thy house? But the devil tells me I am a great sinner. Every worker for Christ is deeply concerned in the application of this parable; because the peril of self-complacency increases in precisely the same ratio as the zeal of proselytizing. Can we do without Christ? Now, notice something else equally worthy of our attention. We shall know when we, like it, are gathered. (k) The corruption of nature through sin and afflictions. We are not blind to excellence anywhere, but still we can see no excellence like His. The witness of the Spirit with such a man will not be distinct and clear; nor will you behold in this case the choicest fruits of righteousness. Besides, as the Scriptures ascribe twinkling to the morning dawn, so it ascribes eyes to the sun (2 Samuel 12:11), which is itself as the eye of the heavens. Whether you view the Song of Solomon as romantic, God-directed love, or as a respresentation of Jesus, these poetic verses are full of beauty and love. We shall be shorn of our strength, of our joy, our comfort, our all, if we miss fellowship with Him. "The sun hath looked upon me." 4. Of the three forms of the particip. And this Song is about one man’s love for one woman. The title ‘Song of Songs’ implies that it is the best of all his songs. l. 2. Every Christian, in pro portion as he lives near to God, will feel this self-abasement, this lowliness of heart; and if others talk of admiring or of imitating him, he will say, “Look not upon me, for I am black.” And as he thus, in deep humility, begs that he be not exalted, he will often, desire others that they would not despise him.” It will come into his mind, Such and such a man of God is a Christian indeed; as he sees my weakness, he will contemn me. Spiritually it is so full often with a chosen soul. A very little sin, as the world calls it, is a very great sin to a truly awakened Christian. 1828. With what argument wilt thou justify thyself? The heart of a Christian is redeemed by the Saviour for God, and redeemed unto God; and that heart is taken possession of by the Holy Ghost that it may bring forth fruit unto God. The great lesson of the text is, care for your own soul; care for the souls of your children; care for the souls of your friends; care for the souls of all you know and do not know. Indeed, I think you would have a difficult task to fix in that child the true and real love which it ought to bear towards her who bore it. Neither will you find profit from Divine ordinances--rest of soul or peace of mind. So he will be able, instead of the self-reproach here, to say as Song of Solomon 8:12. Made me keeper of the vineyards — Having prevailed against me, they used me like a slave, putting me upon the most troublesome services, such as the keeping of the vineyards was esteemed, 2 Kings 25:12; Isaiah 61:5; Matthew 20:17. He does not judge himself by others, but by the exact measure of the Divine requirements, by the law of God, and especially by the example of his Lord and Master; and when he thus sets the brightness of the Saviour’s character side by side with his own, then it is that he cries out, Look not upon me, for I am black. They have warm hearts who commune with Christ. It is fit we should oft reflect and see "every man the plague of his heart," [1 Kings 8:38] the "error" [Psalms 19:12] of his life, keeping our hearts soft, supple, and soluble; for softness of heart discovers sin, as blots do run abroad and seem biggest in wet paper. In this post, I will highlight verses from all 8 chapters of the Song of Solomon (aka the Song of Songs). And both have the same explanation. Song of Solomon 1:6. Nor is it merely “O Thou whom my soul trusts and obeys.” She is doing that, but she has reached something warmer, more tender, more full of fire and enthusiasm, and it is “O Thou whom my soul loveth.” The question therefore becomes instructive to us, because it is addressed to Christ under a most endearing title; and I ask every worker here to take care that he always does his work in a spirit of love, and always regards the Lord Jesus not as a taskmaster, not as one who has given us work to do from which we would fain escape, but as our dear Lord, whom to serve is bliss, and for whom to die is gain. 1:12 "at his table" - banqueting was done in a reclining position. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". שׁזף signifies here not adspicere (Job 3:9; Job 41:10) so much as adurere. Thus in 1851 I thought; but she certainly seeks to explain why she is so sunburnt. This is the Song of songs, excellent … for the most part mas. Just so is it with the heart of a Christian. Indeed, she is like a giant refreshed with new wine. 1905-1909. Normally I post an entire chapter from a book of the bible, highlighting a few verses. That Christian, saith Mr Bradford, hath not yet learned his A B C in Christianity that hath not learned the lesson of the cross, (c) &c. Omnis Christianus crucianus. Do you feel you are getting cool? (Note: According to the Indian idea, it is the eye of Varuna; the eye (also after Plato: ἡλιοειδέστατον τῶν περὶ τὰς αἰσθήσεις οργάνων) is regarded as taken from the sun, and when men die returning to the sun (Muir in the Asiatic Journal, 1865, p. 294, S. You want to bless your children, to save their souls, and have fellowship with Christ in the doing of it; then teach them the truths which the apostles taught. III. It was true that her stepbrothers had not been kind to her, and had forced her to attend to the vine gardens, which was the lowliest of tasks (2 Kings 25:12; Isaiah 61:5), thus demonstrating how poorly she had been treated. The more you do for souls, the purer, and the holier, and the more Christlike will you he, if you do it with Him. Psalm 50:20; Psalm 69:8.) Now I turn to the man who in any place has taken other work and neglected his own. My lady the sun, she, as it were, says, has produced on her this swarthiness. Whatever they had done to her, she could have sought to maintain her beauty. But Solomon had very many wives. Gell. Copyright StatementThe Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition. Hebrew, "makest thy flock to rest." Another reason why the fairest Christians are generally those that think themselves the blackest, is that they have more light. If we lose fellowship with Jesus we shall have the standard, but where will be the standard-bearer? "Commentary on Song of Solomon 1:6". If we can follow Jesus we can guide others, and so both we and they will find comfort and peace. Then I will not be slack in that In the Word? One of the first things which will strike us when we come to look upon it, is the reality, of the love which is here expressed. In a spiritual sense, perhaps, it means that the Church was long exposed to false teachers when in the unconverted state of heathenism. If my eyes tell me I am black I will weep, but if He assures me I am fair I will believe Him and rejoice. Our defects so appal our own heart, that we marvel they do not exhaust His patience. If the leader or associate of some benevolent religious workers offend them, they will throw the work up directly. But mine own vineyard have I not kept. Then I will go there. Let the world see that this is not a mere label to you--a label for something that does not exist, but that Christ really is to you “Him whom your soul loves.” (C. H. p. 593, derive from חרר, the Niph. For the sad fact is that at present she is swarthy because the sun has scorched her. It is a test by which to try the true spiritual life of a soul. Keeper of the vineyards was the most servile office; and, from the extreme heat and sultry exposure out of doors in the execution of it, became an irksome employment. of sore persecutions and tribulations, which by God’s permission have befallen me, which are represented by the sun, Matthew 13:6,21. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/song-of-solomon-1.html. Why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of Thy companions?” is the question of the anxious soul. xvii., No. 15. Since she did not keep the high trust of being the witness for God to the Gentiles, committed to her by God, God gave her over to the Gentile powers to be keeper of vineyards of a very different kind to them-namely, to bear their cruel yoke, instead of the Lord's blessed one. 14. "Commentary on Song of Solomon 1:6". This may be understood of the sun of persecution that had beat upon her, and had left such impressions on her, and had made her in this hue, and which she bore patiently; nor was she ashamed of it; nor should she be upbraided with it, nor slighted on account of it, see Matthew 13:6; my mother's children were angry with me; by whom may be meant carnal professors, members of the same society, externally children of the same mother, pretend to godliness, but are enemies to it: these were "angry" with the church for holding and defending the pure doctrines of the Gospel; for keeping the ordinances as they were delivered; and for faithful reproofs and admonitions to them and others, for their disagreeable walk: and these grieved the church, and made her go mourning, and in black; and more blackened her character and reputation than anything else whatever: though it may be understood of any carnal men, who descend from mother Eve, or spring from mother earth, angry with the church and her members preciseness in religion; and particularly violent persecutors of her, who yet would be thought to be religious, may be intended; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; this is another thing that added to her blackness, lying abroad in the fields to keep the "vineyards" of others, by which may be meant false churches, as true ones are sometimes signified by them; and her compliance with their corrupt worship and ordinances, which was not voluntary, but forced; they made me, obliged her, and this increased her blackness; as also what follows; but mine own vineyard have I not kept; which made her blacker still; her church state, or the spiritual affairs of her own, her duty and business incumbent on her (d), were sadly neglected by her: and this sin of hers she does not pretend to extenuate by the usage of her mother's children; but ingenuously confesses the fault was her own, to neglect her own vineyard and keep others, which was greatly prejudicial to her, and was resented by Christ; upon which it seems he departed from her, since she was at a loss to know where he was, as appears from the following words. In verse 5 she declares, “I am black but lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem.” Shulamith's address consists intentionally of clauses with perfects placed together: she speaks with childlike artlessness, and not “like a book;” in the language of a book, וישׂמוּני would have been used instead of שׂמני . 112-116). Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. In this connection cǎarmī , which by no means = the colourless memet ipsam , is to be taken as the figure of the person in its external appearance, and that of its fresh-blooming attractive appearance which directly accords with כּרם , since from the stem-word כּרם (Arab. The church, the spouse, in thus speaking of her Lord, thus directs our thoughts not merely to her confidence of love, but the unity of her affections with regard to Christ. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. When you see Christ you look up, but you do more, you feel drawn up; you do not admire so much as love; you do not adore so much as embrace; His character enchants, subdues, o’erwhelms, and with the irresistible impulse of its own sacred attraction--it draws your spirit right up to Him. It is to be found in a strong taste for the excitement of caring for others; and in the vanity which prefers the position of keeper of the vineyard to the quiet condition of attending to one’s own vineyard. karm, cf. God calls me to His Holy Sacrament, “Why should I be as one that turneth aside from the flocks?” Yes, why indeed? She is to forget “her own people and her father‘s house,” that is, the worldly connections of her unregenerate state (Psalm 45:10); they had maltreated her (Luke 15:15, Luke 15:16). He is to her the “Altogether Lovely,” the gathering up of all the loves which once strayed abroad. He supposes a man to be a guide in Switzerland. Houbigant translates the word שׁלי shelli (which is mine)—quietly; but this translation is not admissible, if, with Bishop Patrick and others, we allow vineyard to be the eastern phraseology for an office committed to a person, or any interest he is concerned in. She Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth— for your love is more delightful than wine. with the first (that ... that), or assigning a reason, and that objectively (for). II. When warning others, you feel yourself safe. Has not the spiritual temperature gone down in your own soul? So the world and the soul (Matthew 16:26). II. The bride is directed where to go that she may find her Beloved and lead her flock to Him. SONG OF SOLOMON RESOURCES Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals. This phrase is very plain in its meaning, after what our Lord Jesus Christ hath taught us of the displeasure of carnal relations, as soon as ever a work of grace is wrought upon the heart. But that she uses נטרה (from נטר , R. טר = τηρεῖν ; cf. pp. The cause may be: (a) False views of a state of salvation, and of our personal obligations; (b) Excess of zeal for the welfare of others; (c) False amiability and accessibility to others; (d) A strong taste for the excitement of caring for others, and the vanity which prefers the position of keeper of the vineyard to the quiet condition of attending to one's own vineyard. Song of Songs 1 (abbreviated as Song 1) is the first chapter of a book called "Song of Songs" or "Song of Solomon" in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. We are all of us apt to charge our faults and failings upon God's providence, or upon God's arrangements. “I remember Thee from the land of the Hermonites and the hill Mizar;” but these are only stale meats, and a loving soul wants fresh food every day from the table of Christ, and you that have once had the kisses of His mouth, though you remember the past kisses with delight, yet want daily fresh tokens of His love. You may find such an one busy; but-you will not witness in this case judicious and successful labour. The name Doctor Street, for instance, celebrates Dr. Foster, the first wealthy, influential black man to live in the town.By repeating this name, the townspeople honor their hero and celebrate their race and their culture. The use of the same words shows His love unchanged after her temporary unfaithfulness (Mal. “Do not look upon me, Because I am swarthy, Because the sun has scorched me. It proves that they have been Working for man, and not for God. Anon, with her Beloved, she rises early to go to the vineyard, and watch the growth of the plants. Preach in fact, the doctrines of grace as you find them in the Book. They made me keeper of the vineyards; but my own vineyard have I not kept.--. 1. v. 220. , were sadly neglected by her: and this sin of hers she does not pretend to extenuate by the usage of her mother's children; but ingenuously confesses the fault was her own, to neglect her own vineyard and keep others, which was greatly prejudicial to her, and was resented by Christ; upon which it seems he departed from her, since she was at a loss to know where he was, as appears from the following words. And it is to Christ that He looks for it--“Tell me where Thou feedest,” that I may “go in and out, and find pasture.” He needs rest to his soul--peace from the war in his members--victory over the world, whether it allure or terrify him. So we may hear one saying, “I see others around me strong in the life and power of His might, though I suffer naught but defeat.” It is the cry of a soul which has been stumbling on in weakness, fighting and backsliding, yet longing to get more near to Jesus, to cleave to Him, to follow after Him, yet deeply conscious of its utter helplessness and weakness and need of spiritual food. She explains that she has a dark complexion because her family sends her to work in the vineyards. vi., No. 2. If He welcomes us in our sin and sorrow, He will not spurn our endeavours to be always near Him. No wonder the young women love you! With the Romans, neglect of fields, trees, and vineyards, came under the notice of the censors, and was not to go unpunishedF5A. If so, that person wanted to give honour to Solomon, who was famous as Israel’s wisest king. Thus in 1851 I thought; but she certainly seeks to explain why she is so sunburnt. We ought not to be contented with a dwarfed and maimed Christianity, with an imperfect righteousness or a disturbed peace. Not merely made keeper; you may be put into an office, yet fail to do its duties faithfully and well. is fem., in Heb. They made me the keeper of the vineyards. (e) A. Gell. Solomon wrote 1,005 songs in his lifetime (1 Ki 4:32), but this is the “song of songs” (So 1:1). 5; but the plur. !” She is evidently keeping her garden, and asking for heavenly influences to make the spices and flowers yield their perfume. “Mine own vineyard have I not kept.”, II. I. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". Song of Solomon … They too had let themselves go and had let God down. Mine own vineyard . She was, moreover, wise thus to appeal to her Lord against herself. While it is true that she is black, but comely, she acknowledges that she has been out in the sun too much, and has thus become very sunburned, and she asks that they will not look at her beauty too closely. Shulamith now explains, to those who were looking upon her with inquisitive wonder, how it is that she is swarthy: If the words were בי ( תּראינה ) אל־תּראוּ , then the meaning would be: look not at me, stare not at me. The Song of Solomon is also called “The Song of Songs,” suggesting that it is the greatest of all songs. (d) So Horace calls his own works "Vineta", Epist. We love the Saviour because of the excellency of His person. The special manifestation of his favour for which our affection pleads. My mother's sons were angry with me and made me take care … I. Do you water those tiny plants of goodness which have begun to grow? Levels of Language and Meaning in Song of Solomon; Song of Songs and Flying Africans; Plot and Setting in Song of Solomon; Study Help; Quiz; Full Glossary for Song of Solomon; Essay Questions ; Cite this Literature Note; Summary and Analysis Part 1: Chapter 1 Summary. Indeed, she, as we speak to Him own character about one man ’ s.! 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