The functionalists are interested in the functions that are performed by the family. Many sociologists regard the family as the cornerstone of society. If the changes are widespread, the resulting changes in the adolescents’ levels of self-control will likely lead to anti-social behaviours (Mullens, 2004). Therefore, this study will be a resource material on how family instability and other family-related variables influence juvenile delinquency. Where these are missing due to improper socialization, violence or one of those problem affecting the family, it becomes a problem both for the individual and society as a whole. Practically, the findings of this study will be very useful to guidance counselors and those responsible for the rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents in that it will serve as a working tool in dealing with the problems of juveniles .Parents and care-givers will also find this study very useful as it will raise their consciousness towards monitoring and supervising their children and wards. From the societal perspective, it is the process of fitting new individuals into an organized way of life and an established cultural tradition. It describes not only how parental supervision and other CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION. The family is the first social group a child encounters and is the group with which most children have their most enduring relationships. Alfry also reported that the United States Bureau of Justice Statistics found out that 72% of jailed juveniles came from fragmented families. According to Berman (1989), if the mother is ineffective, indifferent or cruel, the child sees her as one who rejects his needs and responds to her as the one who hates him. Separation: Refers to a situation where a couple is shut off from cohabitation, especially by Judicial Decree (Census Manual, 2006). It is from here the individual picks up a “self” through the process of socialization. It forms the basis without which no society can survive. The first type of offence is a conduct that would be a criminal law violation for an adult, such as rape, burglary, robbery, etc. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has become a major social problem globally and locally. The overall purpose of the study was to explore the relationship between … In addition, this study will increase the knowledge base in criminology. Household unsteadiness directly promotes bad behavior in children. Nye (1960) reports that the type of discipline were associated with high rates of delinquent behaviour, for both strict and lax discipline and unfair discipline were associated with high rates of delinquent behaviour. Our primary objective is to assist and guide final year students with well researched and quality project topics, project works, research guides, and project materials, at a very reduced and affordable price. It is from here the individual picks up a “self” through the process of socialization. Deviance: Refers to an act or behaviour which departs from a generally accepted pattern of behaviour; a behaviour or act that aberrates from that which is considered a norm (Magill, and Hector, 1995). 24 million children (34 percent) live absent their biological father. The family either provides for or neglects children’s emotional, intellectual, and social needs; the neglect of these basic needs can profoundly affect the shaping of a child’s values and attitudes (Bartollas, 1990). Klein and Forehand (1997) suggest that the prediction of juvenile delinquency in early childhood depends on the type of maternal parenting skills that are imposed upon the child during early adolescence. These cult- related activities have wrecked untold havoc in Owerri municipality including the loss of lives and limbs and the creation of fear and insecurity. Desertion: This refers to the act of abandoning one’s spouse and children or either of them without the intent to return and without support. What is the extent of family instability in Owerri municipality? Anti-social behaviours of young people have been posing a lot of problems to the wellbeing of the people in Nigeria. Family Instability and Juvenile Delinquency in Nigeria: A study of Owerri Municipality, Journal of Humanities and Social Science (1): 40-45. Hence, a family may be experiencing or showing signs of instability and still remain intact (two- parent). Delinquency itself is socially inadequate adjustment on the part of the individual to difficult situations. However, there seems to be a controversy on the relationship between family instability and juvenile delinquency. Download this complete Project material titled; Family Instability And Juvenile Delinquency with abstract, chapter 1-5, references and questionnaire. Family instability: This refers to any family arrangement characterized by frequent conflict, inadequate parental control, weak internal linkages and a couple’s propensity to dissolve an existing marriage, even though, dissolution may not take place. With a seeming general acceptance of violence within the family, it is not surprising that some parents also act out their aggressions on their children. The method employed for the study is the survey method and the purposive/judgemental sampling technique of the non-probability sampling method. From this definition, it is pertinent to highlight the two types of delinquent offences associated with young people, herein referred to as juveniles/children. The family as a universal social institution exists in all human society. This type of mother most often is helpless, confused, disorganized and dependent. The relationship between family structure and juvenile delinquency was explored in a purposive probability sample of 120 adolescents of the Betamba children’s correctional center using a questionnaire. (ii) It equips them with the cultural values and skills necessary for the society to survive continuously. The origin of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria dates back to the 1920s when youth crimes such as pick pocketing and prostitution became predominant issues in Nigerian newspapers in that period. They contend that divorce, single-parent families, isolation, role conflict, out-of-wedlock births, unemployment, alcohol and drug abuse, and violence are some of the problems affecting the family today (Baltimore, K Freudenthal 1998). 3 hypotheses were formulated to guide this study. FAMILY INSTABILITY AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: A STUDY OF OWERRI MUNICIPALITY. How does conflict in the family affect juvenile delinquency in Owerri municipality? The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has become a major social problem globally and locally. McCord, McCord and Zola (1979) further found a relationship between inconsistent discipline and deviant behaviour. To ascertain the relationship between broken homes and juvenile delinquency in Owerri municipality. Single-parent families are often financially vulnerable as compared to two-parent families. As a source for additional understanding of the subject. Studies done in the United States in 1981 for example, indicated that there was one divorce for every two marriages. The researchers concluded that family disruption was one of the contributory factors to the upsurge of juvenile delinquency in Britain. FAMILY INSTABILITY AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: A STUDY OF OWERRI MUNICIPALITY, family instability and juvenile delinquency, juvenile delinquency in owerri municipality, ETHNIC MILITIAS AND SUB-NATIONALISM IN NIGERIA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MASSOB AND OPC, FRAUD PREVENTION AND CONTROL IN BANKING SYSTEM, Kidnapping in Nigeria: A Study of Public Perception in Enugu East Senatorial District, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN NIGERIA EXPERIENCE, VIGILANTISM AND CRIME CONTROL IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIA, TRENDS IN CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES IN ENUGU STATE, THE INVESTIGATION INTO OFFICE MANAGERS IN PREVENTION OF CORRUPT PRACTICES IN SELECTED GOVERNMENT ESTABLISHMENT, THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ICT UTILIZATION AND FRAUD LOSSES IN COMMERCIAL BANKS IN NIGERIA, THE IMPACT OF PARENTAL CONTROL, CRIMINAL AND MARITAL CONFLICT ON ADOLESCENTS’ SELF-REGULATION AND ADJUSTMENT, THE EFFECTS OF HOME VIDEO AND MOVIES INDUSTRY ON THE SOCIO-MORAL BEHAVIOURS AND CRIME PREVENTION IN NIGERIA, THE EFFECT OF AGGRESSION AND VIOLENCE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE, THE ROLE OF THE CHURCHES IN COMBATING CORRUPTION AMONG POLITICAL LEADERS IN NIGERIA, AUTOMATED PROJECT TRACKING INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR IMO STATE SECURITY, SECURITY SINUSOIDAL TRANSFORM OF SPEECH CODING FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION. Child: A child in this study is used interchangeably with the term, juvenile to refer to a young person under the age of 18 years. ABSTRACT. Conflict: This refers to disagreements/ quarrels in the family which could result in fights, violence, e.t.c. As a source for ideas for your own research work (if properly referenced). According to him, this inadequate parental supervision has a tendency to increase the likelihood of juvenile delinquency. In the first period, the role of the family as a contributory factor to delinquent behaviour was emphasized. She feels there is no one to satisfy her dependency needs and therefore feels unable to care for the needs of her children. The family gives a child his or her principal identity and, of course, even his or her name. To find out if peer influence engenders juvenile delinquency. 2. A broken home was considered a major cause of delinquency, and a great deal of research was done to measure its influence. Lamanna, and Reidmann, (1991) define a family as “any sexually expressive or parent-child relationship in which people-usually related by ancestry, marriage, or adoption: (i) Live together with commitment (ii) Form an economic unit and care for any young, and (iii) Find their identity as importantly attached to the group. To find out the extent of family instability in Owerri municipality. This unfortunate economic circumstance can draw these families to disorganized neighbourhoods where crime and delinquency are rampant (Alfrey, 2010). The menace of juvenile delinquency in Owerri municipality is evident in juvenile crime statistics in Owerri municipality collated by the Police headquarters, Owerri from 2009 to 2011.Based on the data, it shows that juveniles between the ages of 14 to 17 years committed the following offences: Murder, 1 case, theft, 61 cases, assault, 55 cases, and breach of public peace, 6 cases. From observation, it seems that parents and care givers are not doing much in the supervision of their children in Owerri municipal because of their numerous economic and social engagements. A study in Delaware (U.S) found that 12 percent of those surveyed reported having hit a spouse with a hard object, while 22 percent has used a hand. To determine the relationship that exists between divorce/separation and deviance in children. Juvenile crimes witnessed in Nigeria include: drug abuse, cultism, bullying, truancy, examination malpractices, prostitution, theft (Ugwuoke, 2010; Sanni, Udoh, Okediji, Modo & Ezeh, 2010). This loss of love and guidance at the intimate levels of marriage and family has broad social consequences for children and for the wider community. It forms the basis without [email protected] +234 … Juvenile delinquency in Nigeria is a major social problem which affects the whole society and constitutes a serious impediment to development (Muhammed et al 2009). The resultant effect is that a child may be more vulnerable to negative peer pressure and may ultimately commit delinquent acts not committed by children from stable families where there is a balanced structure of two parents who act as good role models in the child’s acquiring proper roles (Odebunmi, 2007). How does inadequate parental supervision affect juvenile delinquency in Owerri Municipal? In view of the foregoing issues and trends globally and locally, many researchers agree that the foundation of juvenile delinquency is rooted in the kind of home the child is brought up (Okorodudu, 2010; Igbo, 2007). While some researchers have found a significant relationship between family instability and juvenile delinquency, others have suggested otherwise. To establish the relationship between family instability and deviance in children. Family: In this study, family refers to a social unit made up of father, mother and the child (ren). On the whole, the rate of delinquency appears to increase with the number of unfavourable factors in the home. The empirical evidence shows that too many young men and women from broken families tend to have a much weaker sense of connection with their neighborhood … Delinquency: Refers to behaviours for which a juvenile can be formally sanctioned; collectively, those behaviours include status offenses and those behaviours prohibited under criminal law (Magill and Hector, 1995). This will be done in the time frame of two months, July – August 2006, in order to gather information on family instability and its effects on children. Some observers of social life have argued that the family no longer functions as a useful social unit. Lack of parental monitoring contributes not only directly to children’s anti-social behaviours, but also indirectly as it contributes to exposing them to associate with deviant peers, which is predictive of higher levels of deviant acts (Okorodudu, 2010). 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