1832. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". It was no absolute term at first, like some other names, but ever a relative one. Selden's explanation is, that the use of the name implies the change of a slave to a freeman; but the apostle is proving a different point-that of sonship or adoption. Individuals also no less [than the whole Church] redouble their call upon the name of the Father. The Galatians reproved for departing from the great doctrine of justification alone, through faith in Christ. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jec/galatians-4.html. Compare Romans 8:15-16, and notes. Christ was born a man, and born under the law, to redeem such as were under the law, that we from being servants might be adopted as sons; and that this is your position is proved by your possession of His Spirit. With this and Galatians 4:7 cf. But there remains the question why Jesus used both in his prayer. This is unnecessarily harsh, and without any similar instance in the N.T. Nay, in Galatians 6:5, he speaks of a “burden” or load, not of matter for glorying, as what really belongs to each man. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/galatians-4.html. [Great as these blessings were, the Galatian Christians were soon prevailed on to abandon the possession of them, and to go back again to the bondage in which they had formerly been held. ", ". Winer, § 66, 1; Demosthenes, contra Pantaen. ], Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. This is God's work and I don't want anyone to profit from it in a material way. Though legally he owns the entire inheritance, he is subject to tutors and administrators until whatever date the father has set for emancipation. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. ἀββᾶ ὁ πατήρ] The usual view taken by modern expositors,(182) following Erasmus and Beza, in this passage, as in Romans 8:15 and in Mark 14:36, is, that ὁ πατήρ is appended as an explanation of the Aramaic Abba for Greek readers (so Koppe, Flatt, Winer, Rückert, Usteri, Schott); along with which stress is laid on the “childlike sound” of the expression, so foreign to the Greek readers (Hofmann). Abba, Father—Both the popular Hebrew and the Greek form of the name are given in undoubted symbol; we think that both Jew and Gentile are united in this blessed co-sonship with the Son. And that Spirit in their hearts is represented as-, κράζον, ᾿αββᾶ ὁ πατήρ—“crying, Abba, Father.” Mark 14:36. Galatians 4-6 Listen . In Galatians 3:26-27 sonship is connected with putting on Christ, here with receiving His Spirit. f. In vain: At the end of this section, Paul set a choice before the Galatians and before us. Galatians 4:6 Context. Critics are divided. Comp. But this would be a mechanical explanation which, at least in the case of Paul, is à priori not probable, and can least of all be assumed in a case where the fervid emotion of prayer(183) is exhibited. (Witham). He, being the true and exalted Son of God, had the spirit appropriate to such a relation; they being adopted, and made like him, have the same spirit. Into your hearts—See note on Romans 8:26. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". If not sons of God, ye would not be the recipients of the Spirit of His Son. ὅτι is demonstrative “But as a proof that,” rather than strictly causal, ἐστε, for St Paul will bring the truth home to the Galatians. 1874-1909. On the surface, this sounds like a simple reference to God-fearing Israelites. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". Korah and his company were consumed for affecting the priesthood, and presuming to offer incense to the Lord. "The Bible Study New Testament". hilarious videos from Christian comedians, user-uploaded videos, and clean viral videos to brighten your day. This site is a proud member of the Salem Web Network, a subsidiary of And who shall rob him of this inheritance? Perhaps all the passages are to be connected with the Lord’s Prayer, of course in the form answering to that of St Luke’s narrative, in which alone the first word in Aramaic would be Abba, the Aramaic being here retained from peculiar sacredness of association (Moulton, Proleg., p. 10; cf. IF we were to judge by the exterior of men’s lives, we should be ready to think that Christianity had done but little hitherto for the world: for it must be confessed, that, of those who profess our holy religion, the greater part differ very little from heathens. The privileges, which, by virtue of this relation, he enjoys—, The Spirit of Christ is sent forth into his heart—, [The Holy Spirit is here, as in many other passages of Scripture, called, “the Spirit of Christ [Note: Romans 8:9. Akin to this explanation is another that the readiness of the bilingual Palestinian Church to use both Aramaic and Greek in prayer had spread to other countries. l.c. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". College Press, Joplin, MO. 1685. ; Galatians 4:6 Aramaic for Father The key personalities of this book are the Apostle Paul, Peter, Barnabas, Abraham, Titus, and false teachers. See Schoettgen, Hor. The conjunction will bear either meaning; the causal meaning is the simpler syntax, but the demonstrative meaning is more in unison with the argument. It is not to make you melancholy, as foolish people imagine; but to make you blessed in the enjoyment of your God and in the possession of his glory. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. After which the Spirit was poured out in the days of Pentecost, Acts 2:1-47, whose effects were evident, not only in power to work miracles, and speak with divers tongues, (which were not common to all believers), but also in a variety of spiritual gifts and habits, amongst which this was one, teaching them to cry. The double appellation could only arise among a bilingual people, where certain native words were hallowed, and in moments of strong emotion were used along with their foreign equivalent. In the Gospel the second may perhaps be by way of explanation for Gentile readers, but this hardly suits the thought of the Epistles. We can call Him "Daddy." Bibliography"Commentary on Galatians 4:6". "E.W. "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". Hence Paul retains it here as in Romans 8:15. (Galatians 4:4), and because He has done it in the way and with the design stated in Galatians 4:4 f. This interpretation is at variance with linguistic usage, because the supposed elliptical use of ὅτι δέ does not anywhere occur, and the analogies in the use of εἰ δέ, etc., which Hofmann adduces—some of them, however, only self-invented (as those from the epistles of the apostle, 2 Corinthians 2:2; 2 Corinthians 7:12)—are heterogeneous. 4. κύριος Κύριος ἀπἐστειλέν με καὶ τὸ πνεῦμα αὐτοῦ. And because ye are sons, God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, Abba, Father. (See Note on Romans 8:15.) The close conjunction of the Holy Spirit with our own personality forms a contrast to Mark 5:9 and parallels. Comp. And the same disposition remains in us. It is now used of the time of the gift of the Spirit. In Chaldee with a single ב it is said to mean a natural father, with a double בּ a father in a spiritual sense. Christ is their advocate at the right hand of God, the Spirit is the ‘other advocate’ (E. V. ‘comforter’), indwelling in their hearts. In the second place, the use of the Aramaic term must have arisen in the Jewish portion of the church, with whom it seems to have been a common form of tender address. Compare James 1:18. The phrase conveys, in point of form, the solemn expression of the objective (Galatians 4:4) and subjective (Galatians 4:5) certainty of salvation, but, in a dogmatic point of view, the like personal relation of the Spirit, whom God has sent forth from Himself as He sent forth Christ. Galatians 2 : מרי כירי (mi domine, mi κύριε). Galatians 4:1 "Now I say, [That] the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, … οὐ γὰρ ἂν ἐδυνήθημεν καλέσαι πατέρα, εἰ μὴ πρότερον υἱοὶ κατέστημεν. It is that language used by Christians when they have evidence of adoption; the expression of the warm, and elevated, and glowing emotions which they have when they can approach God as their God, and address him as their Father.Crying - That is, the spirit thus cries, Πνεῦμα Pneuma - κράζον krazon). In Romans 8:15 the aspect of thought is, ἐν ᾧ κράζομεν ᾿αββᾶ, ὁ πατήρ; and in Galatians 4:26 of the same chapter it is said of the Spirit, ὑπερεντυγχάνει ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν. ], 2. O. C. 1101), or πάτερ ὁ πατὴρ ἡμῶν (comp. 3. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/galatians-4.html. 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave and the other by a free woman. Though, as Gentiles, we have never been bound by the ceremonial law, we have, of necessity, been subject to the moral law, which is equally binding on every child of man: and under that we have been exposed to the most tremendous curses for our violations of it. Of justification alone, through faith in Christ, here with receiving his Spirit even trilingual expressions given. 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